J4 ›› 2004, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 82-86.

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-13 修回日期:2004-11-29 出版日期:2004-12-31 发布日期:2004-12-31
  • 作者简介:张爱胜(1972- ),男,甘肃省甘谷县人,在读博士,主要从事旱区社会生态学研究.E-mail: lfengrui@vip.163.com.
  • 基金资助:


Countmeasures to Establishing Water-Saving Society in Northwest China

ZHANG Ai-Qing, LI Feng-Rui, KANG Ling-Fen   

  1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,Chin
  • Received:2004-11-13 Revised:2004-11-29 Online:2004-12-31 Published:2004-12-31



关键词: 西北地区, 水资源危机, 节水型社会


The northwest region in China is considered to be one of the worst regions in shortage of water resources. The shortage and
irrational exploitation of water resources have become a major factor for limiting sustainable development of the region’s economy and
society. Based on analysis and evaluation of the present situation of water resources and its utilization in northwest China, this paper
suggests that establishing water-saving society is the key to achieving sustainable utilization of water resources in the region. The
key strategies for promoting the establishment of water-saving society are to (1) establish and perfect administrative system, market
-oriented system and legal system for water resource management; (2) set up target system for scientific utilization of water
resource; (3) adjust agricultural structure to form a water-saving agricultural system; and (4) adjust industrial structure to establish
a water-saving industry system.

Key words: Northwest China, water resource crisis, water-saving society